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Theory in Modernity and Industrial Change

The world today is in a very rapid change, especially in the production of products that involve the process of digitization (digitalization). Starting from the first Industrial Revolution that used mechanics through the power of water and steam, then to the mass production of electricity, then the adoption of computers and enhanced automation with intelligent electronics and autonomous systems. The shift of the world of production and manufacturing to the Industrial Revolution 4.0 began to emerge late last year where computers were connected and communication was done without any human involvement. The focus of conglomerates in the capitalist system has shifted towards ‘smart factories’ which are expected to be more efficient and productive and reduce waste. The power of this Industrial Revolution 4.0 lies in the network of machines that are digitally connected and shaped and share relevant information.

The Basic and Back to Nature of the Industrial Revolution 4.0 – 

Second nature of the Industrial Revolution is efficient, productive, this is as expressed by Gareth Morgan who gives the metaphor of the organization as a machine. Morgan’s theory discusses the fact that organizations have goals to achieve and that bureaucratic structures are likened to machines. With the term mechanization taking command, Morgan describes that work behavior goes through highly mechanistic processes-there is a certain determination in achieving productivity. It is common knowledge that when mechanistic features are used in an organization, of course human nature is lost and interactions with humans become awkward. However, when the subject of the Industrial Revolution 4.0 began to diverge in many sectors, productivity was there, but human involvement in it decreased. This has a huge impact on working class society in particular.

There Is Phases of Modernity in Capitalism 

This phase of modernity does not run away from four aspects, among which are capitalism, industrialization, supervisory capacity and military power. Ulrich Beck with his theory of second modernity sees modern institutions transformed into a global one where daily life is broken from adhering to tradition and culture. According to Beck again, humans in this day and age are exposed to risk. Due to the advancement of technology, it seems that the risk becomes difficult to determine its presence but still changes according to society. This risk will change many things in contemporary life today, for example, changes in work patterns, security in work and even affect traditions and culture. 

Also readers are advised to read Beck’s in his book Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity

In Conclusion of Above Theory 

It is common knowledge that when mechanistic features are used in an organization, of course human nature is lost and interactions with humans become awkward. The shift of the world of production and manufacturing to the Industrial Revolution 4.0 began to emerge late last year where computers were connected and communication was done without any human involvement. Ulrich Beck with his theory of second modernity sees modern institutions transformed into a global one where daily life is broken from adhering to tradition and culture. You need to discover more omron cable Malaysia.